President Donald Trump

Summary of Chapters 1-15, published in RAIS, August 2020; and ResearchLEAP, February 2021.

Summary of Chapters 16 - 30, published in RAIS, October, 2020, and ResearchLEAP, April 2021.


Synthisophy - Integrating the wisdoms of history into present culture

Roots – Synthesis/History/Sophy

Synthesis - the integration of separate material or abstract entities into a single  
or unified whole

History - what has happened in the past; a detailed description of past events as
relating to a particular people, country, period, etc…

Sophy - Greek root: wisdom, knowledge; an intellectual system embracing
knowledge and truth; study of the real world based on fact and truth, science

As you know, the USA today is a very polarized society. Technology in the Digital Age can be challenging. It can also be an avenue for us to interact despite differences in viewpoints and geography. That is the role of Synthisophy, integrating the wisdoms of history based on fact and truth into present culture. To foster an understanding of the real world, it’s important to learn about points of view which don’t match your own.

Citizens are the crux of democracy, an educated and well informed citizenry is vital for the survival of a democratic republic. As Benjamin Franklin said after exiting the Constitutional Convention and was asked what sort of government the delegates had created, his answer was, “We’ve given you a Republic, can you keep it?” With synthisophy in mind the answer to his question is “Yes, we can.”


"We've given you a Republic, can
you keep it?" Ben Franklin after
Constitutional Convention

"If we falter and lose our freedoms,
it will be because we destroyed
ourselves." Abraham Linclon

"United we stand, divided
we fall." John F. Kennedy
Inaugural speech

"I believe, as I always have, 
that America's strength is in
'We the People.'" Ronald Reagan

Here are the latest discussions:

What do you think of the Durham Report?

MSBNC and other far-Left media says “The Durham Report doesn’t just fail to live up to Trump supporters’ expectations of a spectacular vindication; it manages to fail on every other level as well.” And: “Despite Durham’s scolding tone, there’s little advice for DOJ to shape up beyond generic admonishments to adhere to its mission statement.”

The Federalists and other far-Right media says “BOMBSHELL: No ‘Actual Evidence’ Of Collusion By Trump When FBI Launched Crossfire Hurricane Investigation.” And: “Here's Everything The FBI Deliberately Ignored To Get Trump In Russian Collusion Hoax.”

How is it that the same event can have two completely opposite interpretations?  Perhaps the truth lies somewhere between these 2 polar opposites.

Here’s the FBI’s response to the Durham Report:
The conduct in 2016 and 2017 that Special Counsel Durham examined was the reason that current FBI leadership already implemented dozens of corrective actions, which have now been in place for some time. Had those reforms been in place in 2016, the missteps identified in the report could have been prevented.”

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What do you think of AI and ChatGPT?

ChatGPT is a natural language processing tool driven by AI technology that allows people to have human-like conversations and much more with the chatbot. It runs on a language model architecture created by OpenAI called the Generative Pre-trained Transformer (GPT). ChatGPT launched on November 30, 2022. 

ChatGPT is the fastest-growing app of all time. An analysis estimates that ChatGPT had 100 million active users in January, only two months after its launch. For comparison, it took nine months for TikTok to reach 100 million users.

ChatGPT’s advanced AI abilities allow it to do tasks completely on its own, such as composing essays, emails and poems, writing and debugging code, and even passing exams. Now that a chatbot can do what humans do so well in a matter of seconds, what does that mean for our future?

Already, ChatGPT is changing expectations and practices in education, as well as in professional fields that involve skills like coding. While some are sounding the alarm bells, and others are taking the advancements in their stride, technology analysts are still assessing how the tool will change things.

Professors at Minnesota University Law School gave ChatGPT four separate law school final exams and then graded the exams blindly, shuffling them with actual student exams. The bot passed with an average grade of C. Although this score is on the lower end of what students score, it is impressive for a bot.

"The primary problem is that while the answers that ChatGPT produces have a high rate of being incorrect, they typically look like they might be good and the answers are very easy to produce," said Stack Overflow moderators in a post. Critics argue that these tools are just very good at putting words into an order that makes sense from a statistical point of view, but they cannot understand the meaning or know whether the statements it makes are correct.

The issue has made its way to higher education. How professors are handling the AI depends on each individual, with some banning it entirely and others taking a fairly open approach.

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What do you think?
Here are quotes from the US Surgeon General’s Social Media and Youth Mental Health Advisory. Here are some quotes, with the link below:

Social media use by youth is nearly universal. Up to 95% of youth ages 13–17 report using a social media platform, with more than a third saying they use social media “almost constantly.”  Although age 13 is commonly the required minimum age used by social media platforms in the U.S.,3 nearly 40% of children ages 8–12 use social media.

Brain development is a critical factor to consider when assessing the risk for harm. Adolescents, ages 10 to 19, are undergoing a highly sensitive period of brain development. This is a period when risk-taking behaviors reach their peak, when well-being experiences the greatest fluctuations, and when mental health challenges such as depression typically emerge. Furthermore, in early adolescence, when identities and sense of self-worth are forming, brain development is especially susceptible to social pressures, peer opinions, and peer comparison. Frequent social media use may be associated with distinct changes in the developing brain in the amygdala (important for emotional learning and behavior) and the prefrontal cortex (important for impulse control, emotional regulation, and moderating social behavior), and could increase sensitivity to social rewards and punishments. As such, adolescents may experience heightened emotional sensitivity to the communicative and interactive nature of social media. Adolescent social media use is predictive of a subsequent decrease in life satisfaction for certain developmental stages including for girls 11–13 years old and boys 14–15 years old. Because adolescence is a vulnerable period of brain development, social media exposure during this period warrants additional scrutiny.

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What do you think?

Ron DeSantis declared his 2024 presidential candidacy yesterday (5.24.23). He officially filed paperwork to seek the Republican nomination in the 2024 presidential election and announced his candidacy via Twitter. DeSantis, widely seen as former President Trump's most serious challenger, made a name for himself challenging COVID protocols and pursuing an aggressive conservative agenda on race, gender and education in the state of Florida after easily winning re-election in 2022.

He formally announced his run Wednesday evening during a Twitter Spaces event with Elon Musk after months of speculation about his ambitions.  The Twitter Spaces event got off to a rough start with an over 20-minute delay after the first link crashed. A second Twitter Spaces was started, but it was interspersed with occasionally dropped audio or disrupted connections for listeners. DeSantis launched into his campaign speech in which he accused President Joe Biden of taking his cues from “the woke mob” and said American decline is “not inevitable.” Then he made his pitch for why voters should back him. He called for “economic sanity” and denounced “inflationary policies that hurt working people” and pledged to “bring the administrative state to heel.” He promised to “shut down the border and construct a border wall.”

DeSantis will use the various moves he's made in Florida — like fighting Disney, banning critical race theory, restricting discussions of sexual orientation and gender identity in classrooms, removing a "Soros appointed prosecutor," and opposing China — as a proposed "blueprint" for conservative policy across the country.

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Sources: Axios, Time

At this time, who do you think is going to be the Republican nominee for President?

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What do you think?

President Joe Biden and Republican House Speaker Kevin McCarthy on Sunday signed off on an agreement to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and cap some federal spending in order to prevent a U.S. debt default.

Non-defense discretionary spending excluding benefits for veterans would total $637 billion for the 2024 fiscal year, down marginally from $638 billion the year before. That total would also increase by 1% in 2025.

The deal would boost total defense spending to $886 billion. That is about a 3% increase from the $858 billion allocated in the current budget for the Pentagon and other defense-related programs in other agencies.

Biden and Democrats secured $80 billion for a decade in new funding to help the Internal Revenue Service enforce the tax code for wealthy Americans in last year’s Inflation Reduction Act, a move the administration said would yield $200 billion in additional revenue over the next 10 years. This deal would shift $10 billion in each of calendar years 2024 and 2025 in funding away the Internal Revenue Service

Biden and McCarthy agreed to claw back much of the unused Covid relief funds as part of the budget deal. The estimated amount of unused funds is between $50 billion and $70 billion.

Biden and McCarthy battled over imposing stricter work requirements on low-income Americans for being eligible for food and healthcare programs. The agreement would impose new work requirements on some low-income people who receive food assistance under the program known as SNAP up to age 54, instead of up to age 50.

The new bill would require the Biden administration to follow through with a plan to end the current pause on student loan repayments by late August. But it did not strike down Biden’s plan to forgive $430 billion in student debt, which the Supreme Court is currently reviewing.

Biden and McCarthy agreed to new rules to make it easier for energy projects — including fossil-fuel based ones — to gain permit approval. McCarthy and his Republicans had identified permitting reform as one of the pillars of any deal and the White House threw its support behind the plan earlier this month.

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Sources: Text CNBC; Pic CNN